Vote Now! Advertising Notice A common kind of grass is used to cover the ground in a lawn and other places. But not everyone was sold on the idea that Prototaxites was an early fungus. In the middle of the 20th century, three overlapping developments helped promote the lawn across North America. Levittown, New York, originally planned at two thousand homes, eventually had six thousand. Levittown: Documents of an Ideal American Suburb. Contains only SAFE and NATURAL ingredients -- NO manures or chemicals! With more than 9,000 known species, this family is one of the largest on Earth. It will withstand drought. The towering fungus spires would have stood out against a landscape scarce of such giants, said New Scientist in 2007. Grass is the common name for the Gramineae family of plants. Between 1910 and 1924, the U.S. Grass - Idioms by The Free Dictionary ... if there's grass on the field, play ball; if there's grass on the pitch, play ball; kick (something) into the long grass; kick something into the long grass; While sheep were still grazed on many such park-lands, landowners increasingly depended on human labor to tend the grass closest to their homes. This helps the grass get established before intense summer heat and before cooler fall and winter temperatures when growth is slow. Get the best of Smithsonian magazine by email. The development and mass-production of lawn mowers made possible the development and mass-production of lawns, providing an affordable alternative to a fleet of servants, and a practical alternative to a herd of sheep or goats (see The History Of The American Lawnmower). Now it took on a new meaning in democratic America and became a public area characterized by landscaped lawns, trees, shrubbery, and water (fountains, streams, ponds, and lakes) — all features lifted from British estate grounds. (1822-1903), a.k.a. For example, there is the crown of the grass which is at the very bottom, and comes from the roots, then there is the blade which is the most visible part of the grass itself. Once the stump has been turned into a pile of sawdust, resist the urge to rake it out into the grass to create a level surface for new grass seed. He had only been playing golf for eight years. Rhymes: -ɑːs 3. enPR: grăs, IPA(key): /ɡɹæs/ 3.1. The pavements are stained with chewing gum that has been spat out and the gutters are full of discarded fast food cartons. This is a pretty interesting pattern and does seem to suggest global climatic reasons for their later ecological spread rather than a co-evolution with grazers that used to be the favorite theory. The height of the cut grass may be fixed by the design of the mower, but generally is adjustable by the operator, typically by a single master lever, or by a lever or nut and bolt on each of the machine's wheels. A key figure in this movement was Frederick Law Olmsted (1822-1903), a.k.a. “The ancient organism boasted trunks up to 24 feet (8 meters) high and as wide as three feet (one meter),” said National Geographic in 2007. Insulation Made Out of … Mushrooms? Grass is extremely important to most people's lives, whether they know it or not. The Middle English word launde originally referred to a glade or opening in the woods, but later designated artificial stretches of land that resembled such glades. Fossils of the organisms, known as Prototaxites, had peppered the paleontological findings of the past century and a half, ever since they were first discovered by a Canadian in 1859. Avoid seeding before heavy rain as this will wash away the seeds. These were soldiers, trained in neatness and obedience, and these were the conformist fifties, when everyone was on the watch for signs of Communism and crabgrass. Several wildly diverse forces combined to make lawns popular, then common, in North America. Privacy Statement Produces NO toxic fumes for the environment to absorb… just a couple of footprints in a beautifully cut lawn. (US, Canada) IPA(key): [ɡɹ̠æs], [ɡɹ̠ɛəs], [ɡɹ̠eəs] 3.2. A Fungus-Like Disease Threatens Europe’s Supply of Gin What does grass expression mean? ), Scotland is primarily a country of open grassland, having been denuded of its somewhat stunted trees centuries back. Cutting up to one-third of the grass length at a time is a healthy strategy to maintain a vigorously growing lawn. “The problem is that when you look up close at the anatomy, it’s evocative of a lot of different things, but it’s diagnostic of nothing,” says Boyce, an associate professor in geophysical sciences and the Committee on Evolutionary Biology. Gets rid of unwanted vegetation -- roots and all -- and is easy on your back. The University of Chicago: For the next 130 years, debate raged. grass phrase. in journalism. Rain or shine, there's always a chance of waking up to a wet lawn if the weather conditions are just right. The grass tree Xanthorrhoea is a uniquely Australian plant, which epitomises the Australian landscape and is as tough as goats' knees. How to use grass in a sentence. Because grass is unique to the Cenozoic (recent) period, it is sometimes called the "Age of Grasses." Both bowls and golf therefore came to North America with Scottish immigrants, and along with those sports, of course, came a yen for the lawns on which they were played. Having fled the factories, however, new homeowners turned to them for help in taming their miniature Edens, buying mechanical lawn-mowers in increasing numbers. Grass is a monocotyledon plant, herbaceous plants with narrow leaves growing from the base. the American father of landscape architecture, who planned New York City’s Central Park in the 1850s, as well as parks in Boston, Montreal, and elsewhere. Pelleted for easy application. What is Grass? Easy to use, just connect to your garden hose and treat problem areas. Kills crabgrass fast, yet is naturally safe for people, pets and the environment. The dead grass will naturally decompose and add nutrients to the soil. (There’s a moral here, something about the close link between the exclusive and the extinct.) Some scientists called Prototaxites a lichen, others a fungus, and still others clung to the notion that it was some kind of tree. 17th Annual Photo Contest Finalists Announced. Another Scottish import, golf, played a similar role south of the 49th parallel, providing a practical reason for growing turf, a “crop” that produces no edible fruit or vegetable. By the late 17th century, grass lawns, with the grass cut close to the ground, started popping up on the grounds of the wealthy, such as at the famed Versailles gardens in France where “green carpet” (tapis vert) was included in André Le Nôtre’s landscape design. Clover, which takes nitrogen from the air and deposits it in the earth where your grass can use it, was an accepted, even encouraged part of lawns until the early fifties. Even though grass is everywhere, there are still ways to avoid grass pollen. The largest organism on Earth, says ABC, is still a huge fungal mat, a single organism spread over 2,200 acres of forest in eastern Oregon. An influx of Scottish immigrants in the late 19th century gave the game a boost in Canada and revived it to some extent in the U.S. Colin Schultz is a freelance science writer and editor based in Toronto, Canada. 2.1. Learn more. A new weapon in the war against weeds! But despite the fossil records, no one could figure out what the heck these giant spires were. That all changed in 2007 when a study came out that concluded the spires were a fungus, like a gigantic early mushroom. Lawn Care Guru, The lawn appears to be a European invention, which makes ecological sense because the moist, mild, climate of Europe supported open, close-cut grasslands. A SAFE alternative to RoundUp® that's trusted by cities and municipalities. Dew only forms under certain conditions. While the lawn started as a sign of upper-class British wealth, it became a symbol of the middle-class American dream: a home of one’s own, surrounded by green, green grass. This powerful, quick-release concentrate builds healthy soil and thick green turf! For a wonderfully readable account of this confusion and of how Levittown and the fifties promoted the lawn in America, see American Green, by Ted Steinberg. When the four model homes went on display at the second planned community, in New Jersey, thirty thousand people went through them the first weekend. The outfield remained painted dirt until after the All-Star Break. Good question! But even though the spire-like mushrooms of yore—or whatever they were—are long gone, don’t feel too bad for funguskind. Grass is symbolic too! Here, as in Europe, at first only the wealthy had the time or money to cultivate a well-manicured lawn that was purely decorative. Definition of grass in the Idioms Dictionary. There were still extremely large stretches of forest over the regions of earth that received abundant rainfall. the American father of landscape architecture, who planned New York City’s Central Park in the 1850s, as well as parks in Boston, Montreal, and elsewhere. Before we get into the peculiar world of lawn care, let's cover some basics. Grass? The team was sent on an extended road trip before the break, and on 16 July 1966, the installation of the outfield portion of AstroTurf was completed. Eventually lawns migrated from the civic center into North America’s backyards. Olmstead not only popularized the use of meadows in public parks, but also designed suburbs in which each residential home sported a lawn. See more. in physical science and philosophy, and a M.A. Contains 20% acetic acid and includes yucca extract — a natural surfactant and penetrating agent. Olmstead not only popularized the use of meadows in public parks, but also designed suburbs in which each residential home sported a lawn.FREE SHIPPING!Scotts ClassicProduces NO toxic fumes for the environment to absorb -- just a couple of footprints!$144.95Read more. Terms of Use A lawn mower (also known as mower, grass cutter or lawnmower) is a machine utilizing one or more revolving blades to cut a grass surface to an even height. What? 1. enPR: gräs, IPA(key): /ɡɹɑːs/ 1.1. The game also got off to a promising start in what became the U.S. (bowling greens were cultivated in Virginia and in Boston before 1650), but after the Revolutionary War the new young country tossed the baby with the bathwater, spurning bowls as it did all things British. Moisten the soil 4 to 6 inches deep since this will not only provide nourishment to seeds but also protection from wind. WhatWasThere ties historical photos to Google Maps, allowing you to tour familiar streets to see how they appeared in the past. Like honesty and hard work, the Scotts® Reel Mower is an American classic. These three post-war developments do much to explain where the standards for lawns come from. Use to prevent crabgrass, dandelions and more! What Kills Grass Fast?. Findings of grass-like phytoliths in Cretaceous dinosaur coprolites from the latest Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) aged Lameta Formation of India have pushed this date back to 66 million years ago. Those tiny droplets you see clinging to the blades of grass are called "dew." This is how many square feet the package would cover if you were reseeding, or spreading grass seed across all or most of your existing lawn. (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): [ɡɹ̠ɑːs] 1.2. The Fungus in Your Cheese Is Having Weird Sex Will NOT harm people, pets or wildlife! The collar of the grass which is where the stealth and blade conjoin, or the leaf tip which can be rounded, pointy, flat, or keeled. Some people spend years perfecting their lawns and getting them to look just right. Bahia Grass can be started at almost any time of year, but growth may be slower. Grass definition: Grass is a very common plant consisting of large numbers of thin, spiky , green leaves... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Before lawnmowers, only the rich could afford to hire the many hands needed to scythe and weed the grass, so a lawn was a mark of wealth and status. It is difficult enough to imagine a time, roughly 13.7 billion years ago, when the entire universe existed as a singularity.According to the Big Bang theory, one of the main contenders vying to explain how the universe came to be, all the matter in the cosmos -- all of space itself -- existed in a form smaller than a subatomic particle [source: Wall]. Across the U.S., towns named Bowling Green commemorate bowls, but perhaps only a few residents understand the history of their town’s name. It’s a bit of a misconception though. Almost in lock-step with those two sociological events, science and technology produced a whole train of inventions: the rotary lawn mower, effective (if not safe) pesticides, the first weed-free grass seeds, combined fertilizers and pesticides (early Weed and Feed products), and spreaders to make their application so easy it was child’s play. Dirty Britain Before the grass has thickened on the roadside verges and leaves have started growing on the trees is a perfect time to look around and see just how dirty Britain has become. No one’s questioning the spires’ existence—people just have trouble trying to imagine that such a huge structure could be a fungus. Eventually lawns migrated from the civic center into North America’s backyards. This fossil would have been all the more striking in such a diminutive landscape.”. “A 6-metre fungus would be odd enough in the modern world, but at least we are used to trees quite a bit bigger,” says Boyce. (Northern England, Ireland) IPA(key): [ɡɹ̠as], [ɡɹ̠æs… The Levitts, who also build subdivisions in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Cape Cod, and Puerto Rico (several of them also called Levittown), pioneered the established lawn, which residents were required to keep up but forbidden to fence in. with quick-snap height adjusters. Since then the lawn has become a fixture of both American and Canadian suburbs and of the American imagination. “Grass,” specifically, is a term for the plant family Gramineae, which encompasses over 9000 different species of plants. Out of these developments came the possibility of the weed-free lawn. The symbolic meaning of grass speaks to us about roots, connection and foundation. Fossil dung reveals dinosaurs did graze grass Grass emerged around the Cretaceous, which coincided with a lot of larger and more diverse dinosaurs than before. In the 16th Century Renaissance, lawns were deliberately cultivated by the wealthy in both France and England, though they were more likely planted with chamomile or thyme than with grass.

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