News Releases. Bedrock geology of Shenandoah National Park… 22835, (540) 999-3500 Now open to both day visitors and overnighters in the Natural Chimneys Park campground, located in Mt. Freezing and thawing can result in rockfalls and spalling from cliff faces. These mountains form a distinct highland rising to elevations above 4,000 feet (1,200 m). The focus of the study was the park and surrounding areas to provide the National Park Service with modern geologic data for resource management. Local topographic relief between the Blue Ridge Mountains and Shenandoah Valley exceeds 3,000 feet (910 m) at some locations. The main spine of the park stretches for 70 miles end-to-end, dividing bucolic Shenandoah Valley from the Piedmont to the east. They also lead guided hikes and narrate nature walks that help you connect with the beautiful surroundings. The park is known for its breathtaking views along scenic Skyline Drive, which runs down the spine of the park. Shenandoah National Park Geology Shenandoah National Park is located in the state of Virginia, about 70 miles west of Washington, D.C. Greenstone lava flows, 570 million years old, now form the sheer, jagged cliffs of Stony Man, Hawksbill, and many other peaks within the park. The Shenandoah River flows through the valley to the west, with Massanutten Mountain, 40 miles long, standing between the river's north and south forks. Current geological activity in Shenandoah National Park is a result of natural and man-made forces acting on the surrounding mountains and valleys. Printed high-resolution Shenandoah map posters and other products are available at the Shenandoah Maps store. Skyline Drive in the Fall / NPS / Public Domain. Like Stony Man further north in Shenandoah, the rocks are a large exposed chunk of greenstone of the Catoctin formation. From ancient tectonic collisions to the rolling Appalachians of today, the geological story of Shenandoah is old and unfinished. Source: Geology of the Shenandoah National Park, Virginia, Virginia Division of Mineral Resources Bulletin 86 (Figure 6 on p. 11) The Grenville-age hills and valleys were covered by about 2,000 feet of basalt, leveling much of the landscape in what became Shenandoah National Park. Doing Business. Geology helps to explain why hikers can see a vista of mountains from the top of Dragons Tooth on the Appalachian Trail, why the Chesapeake Bay Bridge has two tunnels, and why the western part of the state is mountainous but the eastern part of Virginia is flat. Shenandoah National Park lies along the Blue Ridge Mountains in north-central Virginia. Clearly both the forest and the landscape it occupies are undergoing constant change. A wind storm may bring down trees that were killed in a wildland fire on land where, in turn, severe rain could cause significant erosion. Geologic Formations Shenandoah National Park straddles the Blue Ridge, a unique line of mountains forming the easternmost rampart of the great Appalachian Range. Shenandoah National Park is the scenic mountain haven of the Mid-Atlantic, the glittering jewel in the crown of the Virginia Appalachians. ), and are part of a geologic unit known as the Catoctin Formation. Certainly there are no active volcanoes or glaciers, but geologic events do occur here. You’re sure to notice that … Fused together and altered in the heat and pressure of mountain-building, the white quartzites form the great cliffs and boulder fields of Rocky Mountain, Calvary Rocks, and Blackrock South. To learn about park offerings and overnight accommodations, email resvs@dcr.virginia.gov or call 800-933-PARK (7275). Budget. 5 Natural Bridge is a geological formation in Rockbridge County, Virginia, comprising a 215-foot-high (66 m) natural arch with a span of 90 feet (27 m). Malcolm Cameron led the trip with Jerry Hopkins attending. Some forces act together to produce geological change. Rangers often share in-depth knowledge of the history, geology, and ecology of the park during ranger chats. The rock cycle is the changing of one type of a rock into another type of rock, and it's continuous. South District, Shenandoah National Park, Virginia. Chilhowee metasedimentary rocks, from the shores of an ocean predating the Atlantic, now create the steep slopes and rugged topography of the park’s unique South District. Opportunities. Shenandoah National Park Shenandoah National Park (Figure 14.11) is located in Virginia and was established as a National Park in 1935. Park Passes. 2020 Virginia is for Lavas- The Catoctin Formation. The casual observer may sense that there is no geologic activity at Shenandoah National Park. The pika is a close relative of the rabbits and hares, with two upper incisors on each side of the jaw, one behind the other. News + Featured Stories. Shenandoah National Park lies astride a beautiful section of the Blue Ridge Mountains, which form the eastern rampart of the Appalachian Mountains between Pennsylvania and Georgia. But that was not always the case. Freezing and thawing can result in rockfalls and spalling from cliff faces. The crest of the range divides the Shenandoah River drainage basin, part of the Potomac River drainage, on the west side, from the James and Rappahannock River drainage basins on the east side. Before it was a Park, it was home to nearly 500 families in more than 300 square miles of Virginia countryside — a microcosm of an earlier America. USGS Library. Figure 1b. For the next 500 million years, erosion and the uplifting of the earth's crust exposed the granitic basement rock. This Shenandoah surficial geology map (6.7 mb) better shows the topographical relief in the park and identifies young rock deposits.  US-Parks.com Inc. All Rights Reserved. In extreme cases, large amounts of rain can cause landslides. Emergency Phone: 1-800-732-0911. This park, which is located close to Washington, D.C., is a favorite of hikers containing 101 miles of the Appalachian … Geology Current geological activity in Shenandoah National Park is a result of natural and man-made forces acting on the surrounding mountains and valleys. A wildland fire may kill trees. Today, we're going to be talking about the geology of Shenandoah National Park. Virginia State Parks are family friendly places offering outdoor fun, cabins, camping, great trails, peace and quiet, and so much more. The geology of the Shenandoah National Park region of Virginia was studied from 1995 to 2008. The focus of the study was the park and surrounding areas to provide the National Park Service with modern geologic data for resource management. Additional geologic data of the adjacent areas are included to provide regional context. ..... 6 Figure 1c. Solon. Skyline Drive stretches for 105 miles along the crest of the Blue Ridge Mountains in Shenandoah National Park. Severe thunderstorms and rain events can cause flooding and associated erosion. Emergency Management. Dobie and Afton Mountains and Shenandoah National Park from Humpback: Humpback Rocks: Blue Ridge Parkway: A short note on geology: Humpback Rocks is a very typical rock outcrop of the Blue Ridge crest. © 2000 - These ancient mountains harbor many secrets, encompassing geology, diverse native forests, wildlife, and a rich human history. Leverage the experience of a park ranger to explore Shenandoah National Park more intimately. Shenandoah National Park Compton Peak is an easy and noteworthy hike in the North District of Shenandoah National Park. Shenandoah National Park is located in northwestern Virginia, northwest of Charlottesville, Virginia. The Appalachian Trail also goes through the park for a stretch of about 95 miles. SKU: GEO Categories: Books, Geology & Astronomy. Many of the highest peaks in Shenandoah National Park (including Hawksbill, Stony Man, and Hightop Mountain, just to name a few) are underlain by distinctive bluish-green rocks that were once ancient lava flows (Virginia is for Lavas! Additional geologic data of the adjacent areas are included to provide regional context. Being rock-gray in color, pikas are seldom seen until their shrill, metallic call reveals their presence. blog. Tom subsequently completed geologic Additional geologic data of the adjacent areas are included to provide regional context. Congressional. Freezing and thawing result in rockfalls and spawling from cliff faces. The landscape of these mountains is almost completely covered in forest. Over one billion years old, they can still form dramatic topography, creating the rounded, boulder-strewn summits of Old Rag Mountain, Hogback Mountain, and Marys Rock. Here you will find all you need to know about the natural history of the park. These are mountains of the imagination. These flows, stacked one atop the other, create a staircase-like topography of sheer cliffs and flat benches that produce many of the most distinctive landscapes in Shenandoah. Description Description. If a visit to Shenandoah National Park is on your list of future travel destinations, here’s an opportunity to whet your appetite. Freezing and thawing result in rockfalls and spawling from cliff faces. Shenandoah National Park Geology The casual observer may sense that there is no geologic activity at Shenandoah National Park. The geology of the Shenandoah National Park region of Virginia was studied from 1995 to 2008. Shenandoah National Park and Florida Geologic Setting Introduction Florida and Shenandoah National Park have many commonalities as well as differences that makes each of these geologic setting unique. The geology of the Shenandoah National Park region of Virginia was studied from 1995 to 2008. Geology Field Trip in Shenandoah National Park April 12, 2018 After being snowed out in December and postponed in early April, this field trip was finally held on Thursday, April 12. Survey Manual. 3655 U.S. Highway 211 East You really get an good picture of the park’s mountainous landscape. Luray, VA – Shenandoah National Park is pleased to announce a special program by the author of Geology Along Skyline Drive. Geology Along Skyline Drive in Shenandoah National Park quantity. Today, Shenandoah National Park is, in the words of an old mountain woman, "a play place for city folk." The result is a landscape undergoing constant change. Basement rocks, left over from a mountain range even older than the Appalachians, form the foundation upon which the Shenandoah Blue Ridge rises. Carved centuries ago by receding oceans, the seven limestone Natural Chimneys rise as much as 120 feet above the Valley floor. Mountains that led to the creation of Grand Teton National Park where you can explore over two hundred miles of trails, float the Snake River or enjoy the serenity of this remarkable place. At times, forest disturbances seem to conspire with one another. Please send website comments to web@dcr.virginia.gov . Rising above a scene rich with extraordinary wildlife, pristine lakes, and alpine terrain, the Teton Range stands monument to the people who fought to protect it. An ice storm or windstorm may bring those trees down, partially up rooting them from the ground. Address other general inquiries to vastateparks@dcr.virginia.gov . Most often these events are relatively small. Shenandoah National Park runs from north to south for 105 miles within Virginia’s Blue Ridge mountains. This might set circumstances up for a severe rainstorm to cause significant erosion and mass wasting. Tom’s first project with the Geologic Mapping Section was to create a geologic map of Shenandoah National Park. Science Snippets. Certainly there are no active volcanoes or glaciers, but geologic events do occur here. The National Park is unique in a few ways, especially when compared to other U.S. National Parks like Arches or Zion. Luray, VA Technical Announcements. Edelweiss Energy 9.5mm Unicore Climbing Rope. I enjoyed this hike very much: not only does it lead to a good view, but it also leads to one of the most spectacular geological features of the park, a … Learn about the geology, trees, mammals, birds, or other plants and wildlife of the area. The story of Shenandoah’s mountains is the story of two mountain ranges, spanning over … 5mm Unicore Climbing Rope lightens your... Price subject to change | Available through Backcountry.com. Geology & landforms Three hundred square miles of the Blue Ridge Mountains of the central portion of the Appalachians, lie within Shenandoah giving the park its color and beauty. Severe thunderstorms and hurricanes can produce large quantities of rainfall, which, in turn, causes flooding and associated erosion as well as landslides. Welcome to the Shenandoah National Park Information Page. The geologic story of Shenandoah National Park began 1 billion years ago. Molten magma, miles beneath the earth's surface, slowly solidified to become the "basement rock," or core, of what we know today as the Blue Ridge Mountains. Plan your visit now. Some of you may have heard of the rock cycle before. This work was published in 1976 as Bulletin 86, “Geology of the Shenandoah National Park, Virginia.” It remains one of the most popular reports related to Virginia geology. ..... 7 Figure 2. Located in Virginia's Blue Ridge Mountains, the Shenandoah National Park is probably best know for Skyline Drive.This 105 mile road mostly follows the ridge tops starting near Front Royal and ending in Rockfish Gap where it connects to the Blue Ridge Parkway.Work began on Skyline Drive in 1931 and it was completed in 1939. ... Geology … Add to cart. The focus of the study was the park and surrounding areas to provide the National Park Service with modern geologic data for resource management. Central District, Shenandoah National Park, Virginia. Most of the park’s major waterfalls are located where streams cut through these layers of lava and plunge into steep-walled canyons. Shenandoah map prints and gifts. Energy drinks will slow you down in the long run, but the Edelweiss Energy 9. Malcolm gave an overview of geologic history of the Blue Ridge and Shenandoah National Park… Shenandoah National Park Meadow Run Watershed Restoration Project National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. Like its deep caverns and Natural Bridge, Natural Chimneys is another geologic marvel in the Shenandoah Valley. Most often these events are relatively small, but over millions of years, these small events produce sizable changes in the land. Shenandoah National Park, like many of the National Parks in America, offers an Artist-in-Residence Program.Professional artists including writers, music composers, craftsmen, painters, photographers, storytellers, and videographers from around the world submit applications and portfolios of their work for a chance to stay at the park for 3 weeks for free. On Saturday, September 15, Dr. Robert Badger will discuss the fascinating geology preserved in the rocks readily accessible along the Skyline Drive. Shenandoah sinkholes and karst geology (Credit: Jennifer Lynn Rapp, Virginia and West Virginia Water Science Center. ... Key Officials. Severe thunderstorms and rain events can cause flooding and associated erosion. Geology is everywhere: the rocks, the landforms we see, the very earth that we're standing on is geology. Elevations vary from 4,050 feet atop Hawksbill down to less than 550 feet […]