Finally, the relationship and break-up groups did not differ in their habitual use of reappraisal and suppression. The current study explored positive relational qualities — love, need satisfaction, sexual satisfaction— to better understand what might be alluring to on-again/off-again (cyclical) partners given that they typically report lower relational quality and functioning than non-cyclical partners (i.e., those who have not broken up and renewed). But love doesn't work that way. Reappraisal by focusing on negative aspects of the beloved was the most popular reappraisal strategy. In addition, it is important dissociate the effects of love regulation on love feelings and on affect, as a desirable effect on love feelings may be accompanied by an undesirable effect on affect, or vice versa. As can be seen in Fig 8, the more participants showed an enhanced LPP in response to up-regulation compared to passive viewing between 700–1000 ms, the more their negative affect decreased as a result of love up-regulation. The study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the University of Maryland and written informed consent was obtained. In addition, future studies could directly compare the effects of presentation of regulation instructions in a blocked versus an intermixed fashion, and the effects of letting participants choose between different regulation strategies versus instructing them to use one particular strategy. It may be that love down-regulation by focusing on negative aspects of the partner or the relationship or imagining negative future scenarios makes people feel bad because it involves negative thoughts. Having determined that someone is attractive at first sight, an individual may become emotionally attached to that person and communicate their affection via a copulatory gaze, in which … To summarize, love regulation decreased positive affect in the relationship group, although down-regulation decreased positive affect more than up-regulation. They are a means by which you Love is The Cause of Your Being: Incarnation and The Odyssey o f Boethius ... a model for loving those in despair that is founded on … Correspondingly, we have shown that the LPP is enhanced in response to pictorial and verbal beloved-related information compared to control information [32, 43, 44]. Please send requests to Sandra Langeslag (langeslags@umsl.edu). Negative affect showed main effects of Picture, F(1,38) = 9.6, p = .004, and Group, F(1,38) = 25.7, p < .001, which were modulated by a significant Picture x Group interaction, F(1,38) = 8.7, p = .005. opportunities to learn the skills of love. Valence ratings showed a main effect of Regulation, F(2,76) = 31.6, ε = .98, p < .001. In the context of long-term relationships, participants stressed the importance of communication/honesty and undertaking (new) activities with their beloved. Only one participant mentioned using suppression. food, constantly stimulated by images of instant gratification. However, one type of treatment for substance dependence and other mental disorders is exposure therapy, which is based on the mechanism of extinction [66]. Help someone else. Instructed up-regulation of love using reappraisal increased subjective feelings of attachment, while love down-regulation decreased subjective feelings of infatuation and attachment. A positive up-regulation effect in the LPP amplitude means that the LPP was enhanced for love up-regulation. Down-regulation also increased negative affect in the relationship group. It feels good but rarely This article examines cognitive links between romantic love and creativity and between sexual desire and analytic thought based on construal level theory. Thus, undertaking novel and exciting activities with the beloved, which is a situation selection strategy [21], may be an effective behavioral strategy for up-regulating love feelings. The fourth love, and perhaps the most radical, was agape or selfless love. Ratings and PANAS scores following the three conditions with partner pictures were analyzed with an ANOVA with factors Regulation (view, up-regulation, down-regulation) and Group. getting and how you are being treated, read your partner's need. Distraction was used more to feel better, while reappraisal by focusing on the negative aspects of the beloved/relationship was used more to decrease love feelings. Why are so many people drawn to conspiracy theories in times of crisis? Scholarly articles are written by experts in the field and, additionally, peer reviewed by a panel experts in the field. ERP waveforms at Fz, Cz, and Pz for the four conditions, for each group separately. See Fig 4 for positive and negative affect during the regulation task. Example of a Journal with Scholarly Articles The 32 Ag-AgCl active electrodes were placed upon the scalp by means of a head cap (BioSemi), according to the 10–20 International System. The word ‘love’ has many different meanings and may have different meanings to different people. Scatterplots displaying the positive correlations between the ERQ reappraisal score and perceived control over various aspects of love feelings. Photograph by Kazumasa Ogawa, 1906. Reappraisal may be more advantageous in the long run though, because decreasing love feelings might help people to move on after a break-up. The relationship group experienced more positive affect after passive viewing of partner than neutral pictures, p < .001, while the break-up group did not, p = .71. In the 700–1000 ms time window, the up-regulation effect in the LPP amplitude was negatively correlated with the up-regulation effect in negative affect, r(34) = -.40, p = .015, see Fig 8. here. As in Study 1, some strategies seemed specific for feeling better during heartbreak (i.e., emotion regulation) or for maintaining long-term relationships, while strategies such as reappraisal by focusing on the negative aspects of the beloved or the relationship and undertaking (new) activities with the beloved were used to down- and up-regulate love feelings, respectively. depressed reality. Participants were remunerated with $10. Attachment was higher after passive viewing of partner than neutral pictures, and higher in the relationship than the break-up group. Click through the PLOS taxonomy to find articles in your field. 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