Mumtaz Mahal was Shah Jahan's trusted companion, travelling with him all over the Mughal Empire. In 2015 when I wrote about Moti Mahal, at one time, Delhi’s best-known restaurant, the article went viral since it presented an accurate picture of the place and how three friends, all refugees of Partition, carved out a place for themselves in the culinary history of the country. Mumtaz Mahal was the chief consort of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. The date of their marriage, in 1612, was selected by astrologers of the court to be most effective in ensuring a happy marriage. Shahzadi (Imperial Princess) Jahanara Begum ) (1614 - 1681). All speaks the Taj Mahal is a Symbol of love. Many believe that Taj Mahal represents the beauty of Mumtaz Mahal, a theory which is supported by many scholars, given the elaborate design and feature of the building. Shah Jahan was devastated and went into secluded mourning for a year, emerging, according to a contemporary chronicler, stooped and white-haired. However, instead of building a new tomb for Jahan, his son simply placed him next to Mumtaz Mahal. Mahal was the chief consort of the emperor Shah Jahan. Its dome, which surmounts Mumtaz Mahal’s tomb, is nearly 35 meters high. “The world believes it was built by love but reading Shah Jahan’s own words on the Taj, one could say it was grief that built the Taj Mahal and it was sorrow that saw it through sixteen years till completion.”―Aysha Taryam, The Opposite of Indifference: A Collection of Commentaries. On 6 September 1657 , he became severely sick. She did not know it would be her last trip. With more than seven million visitors visiting the site annually, Taj Mahal is one of the most popular edifices in the world. It was reported that the emperor was inconsolable at the time of her death, and disappeared into hiding for a year. Khurram acquired two other wives in the five years after meeting Mahal before their marriage, but he became so smitten to Mahal that he showed little interest in his two other wives, and in his polygamous right in general. Mumtaz Mahal Mumtaz Mahal. Shah Jahan’s extreme love for Mumtaz made sure she had a glorious married life. Prince Khurram married Arjumand Banu Begum in May 1612. Image Credit : Her body was temporarily buried at Burhanpur in a walled pleasure garden known as Zainabad originally constructed by Shah Jahan's uncle Daniyal on the bank of the Tapti River. After Mahal's Death The mausoleum was completed in 22 years with Mumtaz’s tomb forming the central part of the 42 acre complex. ‘Khas Mahal,’ where she lived with Shah Jahan, was decorated with precious stones and pure gold, the kind of luxury Shah Jahan’s first and third wife could only hope for. Mumtaz Mahal died at young age of 37 years on June 17, 1631 due to postpartum haemorrhage and from complications related to repeated childbirth. Along with its obvious significance, the structure’s breathtaking design and beauty make it stand out from a host of other man made wonders. Since Islam tradition prohibits one from decorating tombs, the mortal remains of Mumtaz was placed in a simple crypt, beneath the inner-most chamber of Taj Mahal. It also tells the maternal death story. Despite numerous pregnancies, Mahal travelled with Khurram all over the Mughal Empire, as well as throughout his military campaigns, which ultimately lead to rebellion against her father. She died young on June 17, 1631. On 17 June, at Burhanpur, after a 30-hour labour, Arjumand developed a fatal post-partum haemorrhage and died. History Of Taj Mahal. Mumtaz died at young age of 39 years on June 17, 1631 due to postpart um haemorr hage and fromcomplications related to repeat- ed childbi rth. Mumtaz would often play a decisive role in the emperor forgiving some of his enemies, including the commutation of death sentences. The contemporary court writers paid an abnormal measure of thoughtfulness regarding Mumtaz Mahal's demise and ShahJahan's sadness at her death. Mumtaz was well-educated and was fluent in Persian and Arabic languages. His trust in her was so great that he even gave her his imperial seal, the Muhr Uzah. Her body was buried in the Taj Mahal in Agra. Khurram's affection towards Mahal was very much reciprocated; she was deeply in love with her husband as well. The Mughal Empress: Mumtaz Mahal [1593 AD – 1631 AD] Reign 1628 – 1658 Full name Arjumand Banu Begum Born April, 1593 Died 17 June 1631 Place of death Burhanpur Buried Taj Mahal Consort to Shah jahan Offspring Shahzadi Hluralnissa Begum (1613 - 1616). Image Credit : Mumtaz was considered a perfect example of beauty with brains at a very young age. Some sources state that her death was in 1631 (and is also mentioned to have had a child just before her death when her last child, Gauhara Begum, was born). Jahanara went on to take her mother's place in the court. Khurram gave Begum her new name, Mumtaz Mahal, shortly after their marriage. The loss had taken a serious toll on his health and it took several days for his daughter Jahanara Begum to bring him out of grief. She had been accompanying her husband on a military campaign. The second is that the reason for the Taj Mahal being built (Mumtaz Mahal’s death) was something that could have been avoided. By the way, she was also not the only wife of the king. She was the daughter of Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan, making her the niece of Empress Nur Jehan, who was married to Emperor Jahangir. In 1630 Mumtaz Mahal accompanied Shah Jahan who was fighting during a military campaign on the Deccan plateau. Shah Jahan had already made up his mind to construct a suitable mausoleum for his wife. In fact, she was a poet, who often composed poems in Persian language. Let’s take a look at her life history, reign as the Mughal empress, facts, death, etc. MUMBAI: Dismissing reports of veteran actor Mumtaz's death, a family member said Friday the yesteryear star is fit and fine. Though she was the trusted adviser and close confidant of the emperor, she is not portrayed as having had the aspirations to political power. She was his third wife, and became his favorite. It is considered as one of the finest examples of Mughal architecture. Even during her lifetime, poets would extol her beauty, gracefulness and compassion. Apart from bestowing upon her the highest honor of the empire, Shah Jahan also gave her a yearly allowance of 10 lakh rupees as part of her housekeeping and travelling expense. However, his first and third marriage took place because of political reasons. Jahan ruled from 1628 to 1658. The inner-most chamber was originally built to house only a single tomb. ShahJahan was given the name of Mumtaz Mahal (Ornament of the Palace) when Prince Khurram acceded the throne and became … Mumtaz Mahal is very important to the Taj Mahal; the building was constructed specifically as a tomb and final resting place for her by her husband. Mumtaz Mahal was the favourite wife of Shah •Jehan, the Tetrareh of the Indian dynasty, ... Mumtaz passed away of cause of death. The story goes that he built the Taj Mahal as a mausoleum for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal, who had died in childbirth. In the nineteen years Mahal was married to Khurram, they had fourteen children, seven of which died at birth or during a very young age. Mumtaz Mahal was born in April 1593 in Agra, India. Mumtaz died at the age of 39 years. Yet some sources mark her death in the year 1629. Mumtaz had a great influence on the affairs of the state as she served as the emperor’s principal adviser. The caused of death was postpartum hemorrhage. Mumtaz Mahal was born in Agra, India in 1593 and was the inspiration for the Taj Mahal, one of the seven wonders of the world. He was born as Prince Khurram on 5th January 1592, to Emperor Jahangir and his second wife, Jagat Gosini (a Rajput Princess). He’d been asked to play the event before, and never had the … Continue reading Taj Mahal wasn’t so much shocked as pissed off by … Though Mumtaz Mahal’s importance in the life of Shah Jahan has received unprecedented endorsement through a beautiful tomb, her position was by no means completely unusual for the women of the Mughal royal family. Siblings: Shaista Khan, Farzana Begum, Parwar Khanum, Mumtaz Mahal was the chief consort of the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan. Her body was buried in the Taj Mahal in Agra. Mumtaz Mahal was pregnant with her fourteenth child when she had accompanied her husband to Burhanpur. Shah Jahan’s love for Mumtaz and his disparage for his first and third wife was so great that it finds mention in ‘Iqbal Namah-e-Jahangiri,’ which is written by Motamid Khan, Shah Jahan’s official court chronicler. She was a princess born to Persian nobility and became Empress Consort of India in 1612 when she was married to Prince Khurrum (Shah Jahan). Hence, he commissioned the construction of Taj Mahal in 1632, which would take 22 years to complete. Mumtaz Mahal died from postpartum hemorrhage in Burhanpur on 17 June 1631 while giving birth to her fourteenth child, after a prolonged labor of approximately 30 hours. She had been accompanying her husband on a military campaign. The 360th Urs or death anniversary of Shah Jahan was observed at the Taj Mahal last week, but there were ripples of it in Delhi too with a busload of … She was buried temporarily in Burhanpur, but this was never meant to be her final resting place. She was buried temporarily in Burhanpur, but this was never meant to be her final resting place. Shahjahan ruled in the Mughal throne from 1627 till 1658. She was born to Diwanji Begum and Abu’l-Hasan Asaf Khan, who held high position in the Mughal Empire. She was buried in a walled garden on the banks of the River Tapti. Mumtaz Mahal married Shah Mirza Akbar II. She died on June 17, 1631, giving birth to her 14th child, and was buried in Burhanpur at the place of her death. The Emperor was inspired to build this monument in dedication to his late wife, Queen Mumtaz Mahal, who died giving birth to their 14 th child. The funeral procession travelled 900 kilometers before reaching Agra, where Mumtaz’s body was interred in a small building. Apart from having a child each with his first and third wife, Shah Jahan did not have any intimate relationship with them. Inscriptions of the ‘Ninety Nine Names of God’ can be seen on the sides of the tomb. Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal were married for 19 years, during which Mumtaz gave birth to six daughters and eight sons, with seven of them dying in infancy. He was a different person now. Mumtaz was a Muslim and fell in love with and married her cousin, Shah Jahan, later to be the Mughal emperor on May 10, 1612at the age of 19. On June 17, 1631, Mumtaz suffered complications while giving birth to her child and after an unusually prolonged labor of nearly 30 hours, she breathed her last in Burhanpur. It is also belived that Mumtaz Mahal died, aged 40, while giving birth to Gauhara Begum in Burhanpur, the cause of death being Postpartum hemorrhage, which caused considerable blood-loss after a painful labour of thirty hours. However, upon Shah Jahan’s death on January 22, 1666, his son Aurangzeb did not want to build a separate tomb for him and hence had his mortal remains buried next to Mumtaz Mahal’s tomb. "She is alive, fit and fine. Though Mumtaz’s tenure was short-lived, she had a glorious professional life as she had complete control over Emperor Shah Jahan’s decisions, so much so that he would even pardon enemies and mitigate death sentences at the empress’ interposition. He had no state funeral. A Sanskrit poet named Vansidhara Mishra eventually became Mumtaz’s favorite. There were reports on social media that the actor passed away Friday. Although Begum was betrothed to Shah Jahan (also know as Prince Khurram) at the age of fourteen, she ultimately became the love of his life. The emperor promised immediately. Jahan's son, Aurangzeb, put Jahan on house arrest. The contemporary court chroniclers paid an unusual amount of at… However she was not an every day citizen; Mahal was born into nobility. There was no hope for his life then. It was then transported to Agra in a golden casket. During his thirty-year reign, Shah Jahan had ups and downs in his attempts to expand his empire, but he had great success in architecture. Khurram reluctantly sired a child each with his other two wives, as it was his duty. Her father was the Persian noble Abdul Hasan Asaf Khan, the brother of Nur Jahan, the Mughal Empress wife of Jahangir. Many wives, mothers, daughters and aunts played important roles in the public as well as private lives of the Mughal emperors. Mumtaz Mahal had a very deep and loving marriage with Shah Jahan. She was also a Mughal Empress herself. It also finds mention in historian Inayat Khan’s documentation of Shah Jahan’s relationship with his wives. She died in childbirth in 1631, after having been the emperor’s inseparable companion since their marriage in 1612. Shah Jahan married Mahal's sister after her death. Mumtaz Mahal was born as Arjumand Banu Begum on April 27, 1593 in Agra, India. She would also often travel with Shah Jahan’s retinue in his military campaigns. Mumtaz Mahal is described as a kind and generous empress as she would often influence the emperor in helping those in need, especially the poor. In 1611, his father married Nur Jehan, the widowed daughter of a Persian immigrant and the aunt of Arjumand Banu Begum. In fact, he secluded himself and mourned her death for a year. Mumtaz’s Maternal Death She died while accompanying her husband in Burhanpur in a campaign to crush a rebellion after giving birth to their 13th child. His relationship with the two other wives can be described as "nothing more than marriage," while he put a thousand times more effort into his relationship with Mahal. It was built by the fifth Mughal emperor, Shah Jahan in 1631 in memory of his third but the most favourite wife, in fact a soul-mate Mumtaz Mahal, a Muslim Persian princess. Mahal died in Burhanpur giving birth to her fourteenth child. Mumtaz’s personal life was one of joy as she was the most prominent among the emperor’s wives. Mumtaz Mahal, which means "the chosen one of the palace," was born September 1, 1593 and died on June 17, 1631. However, Shah Jahan’s intense love for her ultimately led to her death as she died at the age of 38 due to postpartum hemorrhage, while delivering her 14th child. The king had 7 wives and Mumtaz was the fourth one. Rajab is the 7th month of the Islamic calendar. In the prompt fallout of his mourning, the Emperor was apparently hopeless and completely devastated. According to various sources, Shah Jahan was inconsolable after the demise of his favorite wife. Upon reaching puberty, she became the center of attention among many important empires. Taj Mahal went on to become one of the most beautiful edifices in the world. The real tombs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal are open during the time of URS (Death Anniversary) of Shah Jahan which falls according to the Islamic calendar in the month of Rajab. Shah was born in 1760, in Mukundpur,India. Shahzada… Hence, Mumtaz enjoyed the glory of the Mughal Empire to the fullest. Not only did she lead an extremely lavish life, but she also had the complete attention of the emperor. She had been accompanying her husband while he was fighting a campaign in the Deccan Plateau. They had 3 … Also, she suffered from complications after gave repeated childbirth. Postpartum hemorrhage, which is defined as excessive loss of blood during childbirth, was confirmed as the reason of her death. Mahal died in Burhanpur giving birth to her fourteenth child. Shah Jahan and Mumtaz had visited Burhanpur as part of Shah Jahan’s military campaign, which was aimed at suppressing the rebellion of the governor of the Deccan, Khan Jahan Lodi. While her father was a wealthy Persian noble, her mother was the daughter of Khwaja Ghias-ud-din, a Persian noble. ThePrint Profile; Mumtaz Mahal, the queen with a wonder of the world built in her honour There is surprisingly little known of Mumtaz Mahal, arguably among the most prominent of the Mughal queens whose death anniversary falls today, 17 June.