Ficus Bonsai (Ficus ginseng and Ficus retusa) The Ficus tree is by far the most popular type of tree to use as a bonsai tree by beginners. The aspects that make this a great-looking little bonsai tree are its small oval-shaped dark green leaves and its trunk that is easy to grow thick and strong to make it look like a full-sized tree (bonsai should look just like full-sized trees but tiny in size in comparison). This website also participates in the ShareASale, Clickbank & Cj affiliate programs, and other sites. Garden Care By Ruth de Jauregui The Moraceae, or ficus, family is a large group with more than 500 species of tropical trees, shrubs and vines. Ficus prefers to stay put. The most common and easy-to-care-for indoor bonsai tree is the Ficus Bonsai. Avoid letting the fertilizer make contact with the stem or leaves to prevent burning the tissue. That way, the plant will continue to grow evenly. Although it is easy to care for, Ficus ginseng does nonetheless require a little care to give it all the chances it needs to survive over a long period and in proper growing conditions. Ficus microcarpa & F. retusa have identical care requirements, which is why this article is tailored for both species. Caring for Ficus retusa Ficus retusa, although easy to care for, demands a bit of attention in order for it to grow in the best growing environment. Bonsai trees don’t like their soil to completely dry out yet at the same time they don’t like the soil to be completely soaking all the time so it is a balancing act. Choose a growing location that receives full to partial sunlight with a temperature above 55 degrees F. Keep the plant away from drafts or areas with temperature fluctuations. The only thing you need to be aware of is that your bonsai becomes used to the light you have it in and you should try and only gradually change the amount of light it gets because the leaves may get burnt in full sun if your tree is not used to it. If you are looking for an entry into the ancient Japanese art of Bonsai, a great place to start is with a Ginseng Ficus. Prune during the winter months when the tree isn't actively growing to reduce plant stress. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. ... Also, taking care of the ficus at home involves plenty of watering, spraying and rubbing leaves. It looks terrific and requires minimal care when compared to other Bonsai, which can be quite difficult to maintain. Ficus ginseng appreciates the warmth that is customary indoors in apartments and houses, ideally from 60 … Ginseng ficus naturally grows in warm, moist climates. Unfortunately, the common ficus bonsais are a bit of a taxonomical mess. Isolate an infected plant and apply horticulture neem oil to the leaves and soil to control the problem. Description. You can use wire to gently bend the branches but back in the day wire didn’t get anywhere near bonsai and the shape was completely controlled by how you prune your tree. check out my article on the best cheap grow lights. 4 Common Problems With Ficus Trees and How to Solve Them. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'greenthumbplanet_com-banner-1','ezslot_0',123,'0','0']));Because bonsai trees are grown in such small pots and even if you grow a large bonsai in the largest bonsai pot it will still have a relatively small amount of soil for their roots to grow in. There’s ficus microcarpa, often confused with one of its similar-looking cousins, ficus retusa. Reduce the water applications in the fall and winter months by applying water only once the soil becomes slightly dry to prevent over-saturation that promotes root rot. Taking Care of the Roots and Soil 1 Use a soilless growing medium if possible. If you can keep your bonsai in a bright room and position it so that it gets a couple of hours where the sunlight shines directly on it every day that would be fine. The main tool you have to shape your ficus retusa bonsai is how you prune it. When you do this you will then have to chop off some relatively thick branches to get it back into bonsai shape (It feels hard to make this decision but has to be done). Are Citrus Tree Leaves Poisonous to Cats? Things that make the ficus retusa a great indoor bonsai: There are affiliate links in this blog post, and if you click any of the affiliate links and buy the products, I’ll earn a commission. There are a number of Ficus elastica varieties grown successfully indoors which includes, "the most common one" F.elastica decora (has shiny leather type leaves which grow to a foot long), F.elastica robusta (has larger leaves than decora), F.elastica black prince or burgundy (has near black reddish leaves) and a selection of variegated types. Ficus Indoor Bonsai Tree care. This plant has a trunk that curves in an s-shape along with deep, dark green leaves that are oval-shaped. Ficus Panda (Ficus Retusa) are Ficus plants that range in-between from large trees – woody shrubs – trailing vines. If you have a ficus tree that you move from a patio to the indoors, or vice versa, you may have noticed leaf drop. When it comes to picking what type of fertilizer to go for there are two main options: In addition to bonsai fertilizer, I actually use vitamins and minerals supplements as well, because, if you love bonsai as much as I do you will go above and beyond the minimum requirements to succeed. Ficus is one of the most popular trees for indoor Bonsai. The University of Florida recommends the tree grow as an indoor plant, but it can be placed outdoors in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 10B and 11. Like other cultivars of this species, it grows somewhat faster and is easier to care for than other bonsai species, making it great for first-timers. How often should you water your ficus retusa bonsai? Ficus Retusa - ST2016FR; Ficus Retusa - ST2016FR. Give the Ficus retusa enough water to keep the soil evenly moist, but not wet, during the spring and summer months. However, this will never affect the price you pay. This website is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com Amazon.ca & Amazon.co.uk as an Amazon Associate this site earns from qualifying purchases. If your ficus is losing its leaves, go through the checklist of proper ficus tree care and correct anything that you find wrong. Ginseng ficus bonsai care is simple and minimal, making this a perfect choice for anyone who is new to bonsai. She now writes hobby-based articles on cooking, gardening, sewing and running. It requires a lot of light, preferably full … eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'greenthumbplanet_com-box-4','ezslot_1',122,'0','0']));How often you need to water your ficus retusa bonsai depends mostly on your local climate or the temperature you keep your house at. The most common variety of Ficus is the Ficus Retusa. The main reasons that will cause an indoor ficus retusa bonsai to lose its leaves are: If you overwater your bonsai you will cause root rot. Ficus Retusa, also called Cuban Laurel, is a common bonsai variety that can also be found in a larger potted form. I have enjoyed gardening ever since i was a little kid 20+ years ago so i decided to make this blog out of my hobby, please have a browse and enjoy my work. Ficus retusa is a species of evergreen woody plant in the fig genus, native to the Malay Archipelago and Malesia floristic region. This is because when you prune a tree it will put it under stress and stress can actually kill trees the same as animals. There are many species of Ficus. eval(ez_write_tag([[320,50],'greenthumbplanet_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_3',132,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[320,50],'greenthumbplanet_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_4',132,'0','1']));This type of ficus is also known as the Taiwan ficus or Banyan fig, whatever you call it you can definitely create an absolutely beautiful bonsai specimen out of it. Ficus retusa is a rapidly growing, rounded, broad-headed, evergreen shrub or tree that can reach 10 metres (33 ft) in height with an equal spread. The species name has been widely mis-applied to Ficus microcarpa.. All living things need light to survive and thrive but the real question here is what type of light does a ficus bonsai tree need? In addition, the emission of aerial roots give it a special character. If you want to significantly thicken the trunk of your bonsai you should let it grow wild for 1-2 years without any pruning. GINSENG FICUS (Ficus Retusa) Native to Malaysia, Taiwan and other Southeast and East Asian countries, the Ginseng Ficus is an excellent choice for bonsai tree growers. Place it somewhere that won’t get too cold and out … Ficus Retusa bonsai are able to tolerate full sun so if you want to keep your bonsai in a south-facing window or even move it outside during the summer months then go for it your bonsai will be fine. Also, it’s not simply a case of giving it fertilizer once or twice per year as you may do on a lawn, you will have to give it pretty constant fertilizer on a regular basis throughout the year. Check every few months if the branch will hold its new angle and when it does you should remove the wire. It has beautiful bark which makes for a great looking trunk. The glossy, small, dark-green, leathery leaves, which alternate up the stem, are … Move the plant to a partially shaded area if the foliage appears dried from too much sunlight. 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