Their large, glossy leaves make a striking visual impression while helping to purify the air in your home Either way, it was time for a haircut. Pests. Like many houseplants, itâs still susceptible to a few different types of pests and diseases. Rubber fig, Ficus elastica â How to Plant and Grow Indoors + Propagation. Overall, ficus elastica is a hardy plant that can tolerate most growing conditions. Plus, Ficus elastica have a tendency to get leggy if they are not exposed to decent sunlight. Ficus plants are propagated through seeds, tissue cultures, stem cuttings and air layering. The common fig tree (Ficus carica) is the most famous species, while the ornamental ficus trees, such as F. benjamina (weeping fig), F. elastica (rubber tree) and F. lyrata (fiddle â¦ Seed The Ficus elastica, also known as a rubber plant or rubber fig plant, can easily be identified by its lush green leaves that come to a fine point. Native to the tropical regions of Southeast Asia, rubber trees (Ficus elastica) can be readily propagated by stem or leaf cuttings. The Ficus elastica robusta has larger leaves than decora. I air layered the mother plant & removed the baby once it was showing significant rooting. True to its name, the rubber tree or rubber plantâFicus elasticaâwas once harvested in its native Southeast Asia for its latex-rich sap. The Ficus Elastica is equipped with big, rubbery, dark-green and shiny leaves. There are a number of Ficus elastica varieties grown successfully indoors which includes, "the most common one" F.elastica decora (has shiny leather type leaves which grow to a foot long), F.elastica robusta (has larger leaves than decora), F.elastica black prince or burgundy (has near black reddish leaves) and a selection of variegated types. Like any houseplant, the best time to propagate a rubber tree (or any plants) is in the early spring to late summer, when the weather is warm. ï»¿ ï»¿ As a houseplant, rubber trees are fast-growing plants that are relatively easy to care for. Ficus can grow as a full-size tree in the yard if your climate permits it; otherwise, keep your ficus confined to a container indoors. There are ways to propagate a rubber tree. Most are easily preventable with a bit of care, though. Other varieties include India rubber trees (Ficus elastica) and fiddleleaf figs (Ficus lyrata). Up to the 1970s, the rubber bush has been one of the most prominent plants in any German household. The 2 plants which Iâve successfully air layered in the past are the Dumb Cane (Dieffenbachia Tropic Snow) and Burgundy Rubber Plant (Ficus elastica Burgundy). This ensures a much better recovery for plants. The leaves have a rich, waxy looking sheen to them and provide ongoing color wherever you choose to show yours off . These easy-to-grow houseplants are just as easy to propagate and have a high rate of success. And the Ficus elastica black prince also known as burgundy has near black reddish leaves and a selection of variegated types. The Ficus genus contains over 800 species, native to the tropics. It also looks amazing as a pot plant in stairwells or office buildings.